Introduction to Climate change 

It’s been two decades now, we are actively discussing climate change, global warming, temperature hike, and many more terms related to change in the atmosphere. Why climate change is important nowadays? Are we responsible for this or someone else who is doing massive production of unsalvageable goods for us? We can start learning from small things which are missing in our surroundings. The sparrow, which was continuously chirping in our ears on nearby plants and bushes, is still there? We are cutting the plants and animals which couldn’t sustain because of the increase in temperature? Our previous generation means our parents and grandparents feeling the difference in nature? Are we adopting new upgrades to resist temperature hikes with the latest and advanced cement production technology, paint production, air conditions? Is upgrading technology creating global warming and intend to climate change more? There are many questions around us, and the answer to all questions is Yes. Yes, we are responsible for everything. But there are some ways to optimize the use of technology and control climate change. We will elaborate on the causes of climate change and the climate change effects.

Responsible aspects and causes of Climate change 

The atmosphere contains natural gases like oxygen and nitrogen and some greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane. Incoming light from the sun hits the earth’s surface, where some energy and rays absorb the world and some points reflect. Some of that energy goes back to space, but some greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide trap the energy and send it right back to the earth’s surface, maintaining its temperature. It’s called the greenhouse effect, which is quite good in the limit, but if it increases in the release of carbon dioxide in nature cause global warming. It heats the hearth at a high accelerating rate. Climate change caused by humans act as an excess release of carbon dioxide in nature is the leading cause of climate change. Fossil fuel burning, animal agriculture, deforestation, waste, and recycling pollution are central global warming acts. 

Excess emission of carbon dioxide combines with clouds and creates smog, which is highly toxic and harmful to children’s respiratory system. Humans produce many animals for animal farming because cows dunk or waste from any animal release hydrogen sulphite, ammonia, and methane. Methane is 24% more active to trap heat and Co2. Climate change report shows that the USA is facing 82% of emissions because of animal waste. Survey results over 56 billion animals are globally raised every year for consumption purposes, eight times more than the human population on earth. These are some figures about which we are not even thinking during meat consumption. Bulldozers are used for deforestation and infrastructure creation every year, which emits a large amount of carbon dioxide, and because of deforestation, absorption of Co2 decreased by 40%. Solid waste like plastic dumping causes massive emissions of methane gases. In the USA, 20% emission of methane gas is due to landfills. 11.6 trillion lbs trash is dumb in the land fields every year. Civilisation leads to 40 billion tons of Co2 emission from the 2018 report. As a result of all these uncontrolled activities temperature of the earth has increased by 1.500 F from two decades.

Frameworks 

Policy Making 

Government should make policies that can restrict industries from producing goods that emit Co2 substances and limiting people to buy the same plastic. Guidelines should be strict for each individual, and there should be no interference from political leaders. For example, in Nepal government made strict policies for climate change control and kept political leaders away from it, and it results in control of climate change. It’s a big step for saving some parts of the Himalayas because of the increase in temperature. Policymaking is a must from the area, district, state and national level because only industrial development is not responsible for climate change. Human activity is responsible for strict penalties, and license cancelling leads to control for avoiding policies. 

Efficient use of resources  

Cogeneration and trigeneration techniques are more efficient for fuel and heat balance in electricity generation from coal combustion. Heat engines used for electricity generation in most thermal power stations, where cogeneration and trigeneration unit techniques are helpful to control heat emission and use waste. Low-temperature waste use for water and space hitting. Big industries like refineries, plants, mills require a large amount of process heat generated from low-pressure heat. Cogeneration unit implementation can process lower process steam and can leave the turbine for process heat.


Corporate governance limitations

Corporate governance should set up guidelines, principles and outlines which is designed and widely applicable for organisations. Leaders and board members should encourage everyone to the engagement in process change for climate change. Leaders should be vocal in implementing practices of control of climate change in each corporate and industry. Workshops and awards for the climate change controlling process will increase awareness, debate and attention to a global cause. As technology is upgrading rapidly and accessing process data worldwide, board members and leaders should implement better climate governance. 

Conclusion 

An increase in temperature is not adaptable to every species and animal of the earth for survival. Even if one species disappears, it will directly affect the food chain. Control in the consumption of animals will leads to climate change control. Implementation of better science frameworks will result in new observations and solutions to it. The use of wind energy and solar energy with power and heat controlling units will also control climate change. The use of cogeneration and trigeneration unit techniques in process heat stations will also help to lower the Co2 emission. Policymaking will leads to limit everyone to use of non-disposable products. Corporate governance should implement norms and limitations to emission of corban from each industry will help to set up control for upgrading technologies. 

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